Responsiveness To The Non-Commercial Internet User Community

 

Section VII — Responsiveness To The Non-Commercial Internet User Community

  Executive Summary
C35. Mechanisms to Ensure Non-commercial Responsiveness
  A. ISOC's Mission Supports the Non-commercial Community
  B. 4 Pillars: ISOC's Strategies & Programs
   
1. Pillar #1: Public Policy
2. Pillar #2: Education and Training
3. Pillar #3: Standards and Protocols
4. Pillar #4: Membership
  C. New ISOC PIR Initiatives
   
1. New .ORG Advisory Council
2. New .ORG Web Site Input mechanisms
  D. Summary
C36. Support of ISOC's Proposal
C37. Intentionally omitted

 
Executive Summary

The Public Interest Registry (PIR), through its ISOC roots, will have the benefit of long-established and well-recognized mechanisms in place for responding to and supporting non-commercial Internet users. These will be supplemented with a special non-commercial .ORG Advisory Council and additional web-based input mechanisms for interested parties. This combination provides a solid foundation for the broad support that has already been expressed for this proposal and will enable .ORG to reach it's full potential.

ISOC heritage ensures non-commercial user focus for .ORG. ISOC will establish the Public Interest Registry to extend its mission and values to the only TLD with potential to be a true home for this community. This assurance stems from 3 key aspects of ISOC:

First, ISOC's global mission is "to assure the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world." ISOC's PIR will extend this mission to the .ORG domain, enabling the expansion of .ORG under a clear vision. PIR's board will consist of globally representative Internet experts, reflecting the diversity of both the Internet and the .ORG domain.

Second, ISOC Constituencies are made up of key community-based groups who set standards and policies through a bottom-up, collaborative process. For the most part, ISOC-sponsored groups embody the "self forming, self-governing" vision admired in many of the recent ICANN reform papers. Virtually all of these groups are non-commercial in nature-made up mostly of concerned and talented Internet citizens. Additionally, individual membership in ISOC has recently been made FREE (at a central level) to encourage the broadest possible participation and to strengthen the local chapters of ISOC. PIR will provide support for these groups and infuse the .ORG domain with renewed vision and focus.

Third, ISOC Outreach enables it to work cooperatively with many other global organizations (including UNESCO, the ACLU, and the Center for Democracy and Technology) to create consensus around critical policy and standards issues (such as IPv6, privacy, copyright, to name a few). This established "outreach network" will enhance not only the voice of non-commercial entities within .ORG, but will enhance .ORG itself by creating a more inviting atmosphere within the domain. ISOC's PIR will continue this work by providing a true home on the Internet for non-commercial entities.

In summary, Public Interest Registry's ISOC community-based roots compel a focus on the non-commercial Internet user community, and allow it to serve the this community effectively and immediately. This section details the many mechanisms already in place plus new ones to ensure that .ORG becomes an even more valuable home for the non-commercial Internet community.

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C35. Mechanisms to Ensure Non-commercial Responsiveness

Describe in detail the mechanisms you propose for ensuring that the policies and practices followed in your operation of the .org registry are responsive to and supportive of the noncommercial Internet user community, and reflect as much of its diversity as possible. Your description should include any affiliation you propose with representative noncommercial organizations and details (including proposed bylaws or other chartering documents) regarding any governing or advisory groups that you propose.

Overview: ISOC has been an Internet policy leader for over 10 years and hence can provide PIR with appropriate guidance. It has successfully worked with many of the bottom-up consensus building bodies and arguably, has more successful experience obtaining input and bringing disparate groups to consensus in the area of Internet technical administration than any other entity. This section details the effective mechanisms that are already in place through ISOC to provide responsiveness and support to the non-commercial community. Additionally, it outlines a new .ORG Advisory Council and additional mechanisms for enabling input from interested parties, enhancing .ORG's support for the community.

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A. ISOC's Mission Supports the Non-commercial Community

PIR will extend the culture and focus of ISOC through .ORG domain management.

The mission of ISOC is: "To assure the open development, evolution and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world." (http://www.isoc.org/isoc/mission/). This commitment to keep the Internet open for everyone-including non-commercials--is found at the very root of ISOC - not only in our mission statement and other strategic elements, but also in our program priorities.

ISOC's mission is manifested in eight main ways. (See: http://www.isoc.org/isoc/mission/):

ISOC:

  1. Facilitates open development of standards, protocols, administration and the technical infrastructure of the Internet

  2. Supports education in developing countries specifically, and wherever the need exists

  3. Promotes professional development and opportunities for association to Internet leadership

  4. Provides reliable information about the Internet

  5. Provides forums for discussion of issues that affect Internet evolution, development and use -- technical, commercial, societal, etc.

  6. Fosters an environment for international cooperation, community, and a culture that enables self-governance to work

  7. Serves as a focal point for cooperative efforts to promote the Internet as a positive tool to benefit all people throughout the world

  8. Provides management and coordination for strategic initiatives and outreach efforts -- humanitarian, educational, societal, etc.

B. 4 Pillars: ISOC's Strategies & Programs

ISOC's strategies and programs focus on 4 pillars, all of which have a significant non-commercial component.

ISOC's 4 fundamental pillars are:
  • Public Policy

  • Education and Training

  • Standards and Protocol

  • Membership

Program priorities have been established that illustrate how each of these pillars reflect a deeply ingrained respect, responsiveness to and support for the non-commercial Internet user community.

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1. Pillar #1: Public Policy

ISOC has taken a leadership role in this critical area of the Internet. There are an increasing number of issues being discussed, and the decisions being made will affect the evolution of the Internet. These decisions may stem from social, ethical, economic, political, or legal considerations, and will be influenced by organizations associated with the private and/or public sectors, including industry, government, academic, and other institutions.

ISOC and its members have always played important roles in the vigorous debates regarding Internet-related public policies. ISOC's first concern is to develop public policy positions and statements on issues of particular concern to the membership. More importantly, it focuses on those when the Society's technological expertise can be brought to bear. In RFC 2850-the Charter of the Internet Architecture Board (IAB)-one of IAB's functions is described as follows: "The IAB acts as a source of advice and guidance to the Board of Trustees and Officers of the Internet Society concerning technical, architectural, procedural, and (where appropriate) policy matters pertaining to the Internet and its enabling technologies."

This close connection between ISOC and the IAB has already enabled the Society to speak out on public policy issues more clearly than many other public voices. ISOC is significantly better informed, from a technology standpoint, precisely because of its relationships with the IETF, IAB, IESG, and IRTF. The Internet Society is a member of the Noncommercial Domain Name Holders Constituency as a part of ICANN's Domain Name Supporting Organization, and participates in deliberations regarding the domain name system and other aspects of Internet governance.

ISOC recognizes that an ongoing problem with the ICANN DNSO Non Commercial Constituency has been a funding short-fall. The inability of the non-commercial constituency to meet its' financial obligations has called into question the ability of its three Names Council representative to vote on Names Council matters. ISOC would like to explore various funding solutions through its .ORG Advisory Council to come up with a long term funding solution for the Non-Commercial constituency or its successor organization.

In another significant example, the Society recently created the Internet Societal Discussion Forum (ISDF) to consider issues and concerns such as the digital divide and open standards.

Recent examples of policy positions taken by the Society include a statement regarding privacy and technology, which argues that the mere availability of technology that can intrude on Internet users' privacy is not a justification for putting that technology to use (http://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/issues/privacy.shtml). Examples of articles published in the Society's print and online magazine OnTheInternet include:

The ISOC Board of Trustees recently identified several critical areas in the public policy realm. In each case, the development and formation of a position by the Society will require analysis and debate, taking into account different regional and national views that often vary widely.

Key areas of Public Policy concern to ISOC include the following:

  • Access — including connectivity considerations as well as access for persons with disabilities

  • Censorship

  • Children and the Internet — ISOC is member of a citizen's and Internet industry action group of The World Citizen's Committee on Protecting Innocence in Danger, and its U.S. National Action Committee. This group was formed in 1999 under the auspices of UNESCO, to promote the safe navigation of the information highway by children and youth while protecting them from pedophilia-related crimes perpetrated over the Internet.

  • Copyright and Intellectual Property (including UDRP)

  • Closing the Digital Divide

  • Domain Name Systems

  • E-Commerce and Taxation

  • Encryption

  • Privacy and Public Key Encryption

  • Digital Signatures

  • Security

  • Spamming

  • Women and the Internet

  • Internet Governance

  • Threats to the Single Root
Conclusion:

ISOC's Public Policy pillar illustrates the Society's deep commitment to the non-commercial Internet user community and the Society's singular ability to address the often-deep divide between the technically possible and the publicly desirable. PIR will carry this sensitivity into the management of the .ORG domain.

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2. Pillar #2: Education and Training

As the Internet plays an ever-larger role in our lives, it is imperative that people be educated and trained to use it. ISOC is dedicated to providing and supporting training for a wide range of audiences from young people in developing nations to professional engineers on the cutting edge of technology. If selected to manage the .ORG domain, ISOC can expand these programs and magnify the impact of programs already in place.

In developed countries, ISOC arranges conferences for Internet leaders to share ideas and supports youth-oriented education programs, including the provision of scholarship support.

ISOC also recognizes that many of the world's people lack access to basic telecommunications tools and their benefits. If developing nations are to achieve sustainable economic growth, they must have access to technology. In this regard, the Internet Society plays a significant role in educating institutions, governments and individuals around the world, through its conferences, tutorials, network training workshops and many other programs.

ISOC's Education and Training pillar has and continues to support universal access to and understanding of the Internet through previous and existing programs in the following areas:

Network Training Workshops (NTW)
ISOC conducts Network Training Workshops for developing countries to help them build their Internet infrastructures and train qualified Internet leaders in these regions. This program has trained over 2500 individuals and courses have been taught in 4 languages: English, French, Spanish and Portuguese. The WALC workshop below one example of this type of workshop.

Internet Workshop for Latin America and the Caribbean (WALC)
Held in conjunction with NTW, WALC is organized by the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), through the General Management of Academic Computing Services (DGSCA), the Internet Society Mexico Chapter, The Net Forum for Latin American and the Caribbean (ENRED), the Academic Net of Centers and National Universities from Venezuela (REACCIUN), Latin American School Foundation of Networks and NIC-Mexico.

The main purpose of this workshop is to satisfy the requirements of technological training of technicians and network professionals from countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Goals of the program include promoting intensive training through specialized teaching in Spanish and Portuguese; forming a critical professional mass in network infrastructure, information traffic, integrated network services, new technologies and project management to help in the expansion of activities related to Internet development in the region; and identifying and establishing individual and institutional links that help to contribute to develop national and regional activities based on Internet.

Participants in the workshop are selected from those involved in Internet infrastructure planning and execution in their countries.

Regional Workshops
From Tunis to Hanoi; Bamako to Bhubaneswar, ISOC's regional training workshops have brought the expertise of Internet professionals to countries and regions that are in the early stages of Internet infrastructure development. Many graduates of these workshops have gone on to play significant roles in the growth of the Internet in countries that have developed their Internet infrastructures within the last five years.

Much more than just a portable version of NTW, these workshops are designed to train professionals about the configuration, maintenance and management of information networks. The workshops serve to reinforce information infrastructures on the ground and to facilitate the effective transfer of technology. They are structured to ensure that the efforts will be self-sustaining and that motivated individuals and groups remain to not only train a new generation of Internet professionals, but to carry on the work in various forms such as local ISOC chapters or through the development and maintenance of local Web sites.

The workshops are now designed to leave a permanent training room at each location. This was most recently accomplished in Madagascar through the generous assistance of INTIF (Agence de la Francophonie) (PCs and peripherals), CISCO (routers and switches), and O'Reilly & Associates (books).

Internet Fiesta
Sponsored by the Internet Society and the European Union, the Internet Fiesta is an annual international celebration designed to help increase access to the Internet and promote its use worldwide. Because the Internet has no frontiers, individuals and organizations from all continents participate. During these three-day fiestas, Internet services and solutions are offered worldwide by citizens, companies, and governments and are featured on the Internet and in villages, streets, shops and cafés.

In the past, more than 1,000 Fiesta-related events in more than 35 developing countries have offered a wide range of innovative activities. Activities included a "Webmaster Challenge" to create Web sites for a number of English non-profit organizations; a joint training program on Web development held by the University of Papua New Guinea and the National Association of NGOs; a film, image and sound gallery exploring creative image communication through the Internet in the Republic of Korea; and a Moroccan cyber-festival featuring performers, music, and free access to 200 Internet connected PCs.

K-12 Educational Networking Workshop
K-12 Educational Networking Workshop is a one-day training program for primary and secondary school teachers and administrators.

ThinkQuest
ThinkQuest is an international scholarship program for secondary school students.

Children and the Internet
ISOC maintains a list of links to Web sites of interest to kids, parents and teachers.

Conferences
ISOC sponsors: 1) INET, an annual conference that brings together cyberspace leaders to focus on global issues of Internet networks, applications and policies for worldwide infrastructure; as well as 2) the Network and Distributed System Security conference (NDSS), which annually brings together researchers, implementers, and users of network and distributed system security technologies to discuss the important security issues of the day.

SITC's(Sustainable Internet Training Centers)
The Arab Towns Organization (ATO) and the Internet Society have agreed to cooperate in a joint program aimed at implementing a network of Sustainable Internet Training Centers in the Middle East. The centers, once opened, will be designed to help advance the development of the Internet and related infrastructure in the Middle East, and will be in place year-round and available for use by the general public.

Other Initiatives
ISOC also supports many additional regional or topical activities that have a significant education component: IPv6 Workshops, the Harvard School of Public Health Colloquium on Sustainability and Access to Health Information-Critical Assessment of Practical Uses of IT in the Developing World as well as many other symposiums across the globe.

Conclusion:

ISOC's Education and Training pillar further illustrates the Society's deep commitment to the non-commercial Internet user community and the Society's singular ability to provide educational programming that helps accelerate the adoption and use of the Internet on a global basis. PIR will carry this sensitivity into the management of the .ORG domain and provide additional support to allow the expansion of these proven programs.

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3. Pillar #3: Standards and Protocols

Support for Internet standards and protocols bodies represents an important element of ISOC's work.

ISOC is the organizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG), and the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) - the standards setting and research arms of the Internet community. These organizations operate in an environment of bottom-up consensus building made possible through the participation of thousands of people across the globe. ISOC and its participating organizations coordinate across a wide range of formal and informal groups that contribute to the evolution and stability of the Internet.

Fortunately for the Internet Society, the IETF and related organizations, there is a perspective that the independence of those standards and protocol bodies should be preserved. The article "Survey-Software" in The Economist of April 14, 2001 (p. 26), stated "...it is the Internet's institutions-such as the IETF-that offer a possible solution to the regulatory issues [of the Internet]. These consensus-building bodies are not just a good mechanism to develop robust and flexible open standards; their decision-making processes could also be applied to other issues, such as the regulation of directories…These communities are guided by respected members, known as 'elders' or 'benevolent dictators'..., who have gained their status because of the quality of their contributions."

While the Society's activities in these areas are obviously very broad and often complex, following are brief descriptions of some of the organizations with which the Society interacts:

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is a large, open, international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.

At the technical and developmental level, the Internet is made possible through creation, testing and implementation of Internet standards. These standards are developed by the IETF. The standards are then considered by the Internet Engineering Steering Group, in consultation with the Internet Architecture Board. The RFC Editor, supported by the Internet Society, is responsible for preparing and organizing the standards in their final form. These standards may be found at numerous sites distributed throughout the world, such as the InterNIC. The IETF's website may be found via a link from the ISOC site or at http://www.ietf.org/ .

IETF RFCs and the RFC Editor
The Requests for Comments (RFCs) form a series of notes, started in 1969, about the Internet (originally the ARPANET). The notes discuss many aspects of computer communication, focusing on networking protocols, procedures, programs, and concepts but also including meeting notes, opinion, and sometimes-humorous anecdotes. The specification documents of the Internet protocol suite, as defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and its steering group the IESG, are published as RFCs. Thus, the RFC publication process plays in important role in the Internet standards process. The RFC Editor is the publisher of the RFCs and is responsible for the final editorial review of the documents. The Internet Society funds the RFC Editor function.

European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)
ETSI is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to produce the telecommunications standards that will be used in the future throughout Europe and beyond. The Institute's website may be found at http://www.etsi.org/.

Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) http://www.irtf.org

The Research Groups work on topics related to Internet protocols, applications, architecture and technology. Research Groups are expected to have the stable, long-term (with respect to the lifetime of the Research Group) membership needed to promote the development of research collaboration and teamwork in exploring research issues. Participation is by individual contributors.

The IRTF is managed by the IRTF Chair in consultation with the Internet Research Steering Group (IRSG). The IRSG membership includes the IRTF Chair, the chairs of the various Research Groups and possibly other individuals ("members at large") from the research community.

The IRTF Chair is appointed by the Internet Architecture Board (IAB). The Research Group chairs are appointed as part of the formation of Research Groups and the IRSG members at large are chosen by the IRTF Chair in consultation with the rest of the IRSG and on approval of the IAB. In addition to managing the Research Groups, the IRSG may from time to time hold topical workshops focusing on research areas of importance to the evolution of the Internet, or more general workshops to, for example, discuss research priorities from an Internet perspective.

The Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG)
The IESG is responsible for technical management of IETF activities and the Internet standards process. As part of the IETF, it administers the process according to rules and procedures ratified by the ISOC Trustees. The IESG is directly responsible for the actions associated with entry into and movement along the Internet "standards track," including the final approval of specifications as Internet Standards. The IESG may be found at http://www.iesg.org/iesg.html.

Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
The Internet Architecture Board is a technical advisory group of the Internet Society. Its responsibilities include:

  1. IESG Selection: The IAB appoints a new IETF chair and all other IESG candidates, from a list provided by the IETF nominating committee.
  2. Architectural Oversight: The IAB provides oversight of the architecture for the protocols and procedures used by the Internet.
  3. Standards Process Oversight and Appeal: The IAB provides oversight of the process used to create Internet Standards. The IAB serves as an appeal board for complaints of improper execution of the standards process.
  4. RFC Series and IANA: The IAB is responsible for the editorial management and publication of the Request for Comments (RFC) document series, and for administration of the various Internet assigned numbers.
  5. External Liaison: The IAB acts as representative of the interests of the Internet Society in liaison relationships with other organizations concerned with standards and other technical and organizational issues relevant to the world-wide Internet.
  6. Advice to ISOC: The IAB acts as a source of advice and guidance to the Board of Trustees and Officers of the Internet Society concerning technical, architectural, procedural, and (where appropriate) policy matters pertaining to the Internet and its enabling technologies.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
ICANN is the non-profit corporation that was formed to assume responsibility for the IP address space allocation, protocol parameter assignment, domain name system management, and root server system management functions previously performed under U.S. Government contract by IANA and other entities.

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)
Dedicated to preserving the central coordinating functions of the global Internet for the public good, IANA served as the predecessor to ICANN.

Conclusion:

ISOC's Standards and Protocol pillar supports activities that positively impact the non-commercial Internet user community as well as Internet users in general. The Society's special ability to influence standards in the public interest helps ensure the broadest possible adoption and use of the Internet on a global basis. PIR will carry this sensitivity into the management of the .ORG domain and provide additional support to allow the expansion of these proven programs.

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4. Pillar #4: Membership

Membership in ISOC is open to everyone, including individuals and organizations. At present, ISOC has more than 10,000 individual members and over 137 organizational members.

ISOC's organizational members include non-profit, trade and professional organizations, foundations, all types of corporations, educational institutions, government agencies and other international organizations with varied interests-in short, the entire spectrum of the Internet community, including non-commercial. They share a commitment to the health of the Internet. These key players from around the world have demonstrated this commitment through their support of the Internet Society. A sampling of some of the non-commercial organizations will illustrate the diversity of the representation within ISOC; a complete list can be found at /orgs/members.php:

  • APNIC

  • ARIN

  • Association for Computing Machinery

  • Assumption University of Thailand

  • Centre International Pour le Developpement de l'Inforoute en Francais

  • Coalition for Networked Information (CNI)

  • DENIC eG

  • Educause

  • Federal Office for Communications, Switzerland

  • IEEE Computer Society

  • Internet2

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

  • RIPE NCC

  • State Library of New South Wales

  • Stockholm University

  • The Research Libraries Group, Inc.

  • Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association

  • Virginia's Center for Innovative Technology
In addition to organizational support, ISOC also has a broad, diverse roster of individual members. ISOC has made a commitment to maintaining a FREE membership option for individuals to eliminate barriers to participation and encourage participation in Chapter activities.

Members who wish to create a chapter can form chapters at any time. Requirements are only that at least 25 members comprise the chapter, and that a meeting be convened to create bylaws, which must subsequently be approved by ISOC. ISOC charges no chapter dues, consistent with its goal of broadening participation to the widest possible audience (although some chapters may charge dues at their discretion). ISOC will execute the initial mailing to solicit local members. It even provides draft documents to simplify this process, including the draft bylaws for a chapter (shown in Section 7, Attachment 1).

Chapters can submit nominations for the ISOC Board of Trustees, through a process that gives voice to all of ISOC's constituencies.

Conclusion:

ISOC's membership and chapter practices, plus its organization affiliations enable any interested person to participate in the activities of the Society. Commercial entities can be (and are) members in the Society, and are active supporters of the overall ISOC mission.

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C. New ISOC PIR Initiatives

New ISOC PIR initiatives will support the non-commercial community. In addition to the many effective and established mechanisms noted above, PIR will implement two additional initiatives to improve .ORG's ability to serve its key community.

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1. New .ORG Advisory Council

While the activities surrounding the four pillars above will createsignificant input of value to .ORG domain management, PIR will alsoestablish a special .ORG Advisory Council to focus solely on .ORG issues.These issues may range from policy to the introduction of new services, andthe Council will serve as an ombudsman-type resource for management as itseeks to incorporate the broadest possible input for important decisions.

The Council will be made up of leadership from the broad spectrum of the non-commercial world. Members will be available to provide feedback on specific issues as well as valuable advice to the .ORG management team.

This board will be established within 60 days of the appointment of PIR as the registry operator.

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2. New .ORG Web Site Input mechanisms

Members of the broad Internet community should also have a means of learning about and commenting on initiatives under way in the .ORG domain. Similarly, .ORG management should be able to tap the community for input on important issues. To facilitate this communication, PIR will establish a section of its website to both inform and solicit input from interested parties. Key elements of the site will include the following:

  • A "News" area to provide up to date information on activities in .ORG.

  • A polling capability to obtain input on various issues of interest.

  • Discussion forums available for posting .ORG-related items of interest to the general community.

  • An educational section that shows how non-commercial entities can leverage the Internet to further their goals (see Section 8 for more details).

  • Sample sites including "poster sites" that illustrate innovative or interesting uses of .ORG.

ISOC's Membership pillar also shows the Society's deep commitment to non-commercial Internet users. Free individual membership at the central level coupled with acceptance of other interested communities creates an open, inclusive and broadly representative forum. PIR will not only tap this experience, but also establish additional input mechanisms to ensure a clear voice for the non-commercial community in the management of the domain.

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D. Summary

PIR will provide support to these 4 pillars and the numerous initiatives attendant to each, and the .ORG domain will be positively influenced by these goals and strategies. The above-mentioned groups provide an extensive, established and diverse network of Affiliations, Governing groups and Advisory groups who provide strong and, for the most part, proven mechanisms for responding to and supporting the non-commercial Internet community. As an inclusive, effective and diverse global body, ISOC, through PIR, is ideally suited to provide the organizational direction needed for .ORG to reach its full potential.

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C36. Support of ISOC's Proposal

Submit any evidence that demonstrates support for your proposal among registrants in the .ORG TLD, particularly those actually using .ORG domain names for noncommercial purposes. Support from diverse noncommercial entities from across the global Internet community will be considered in the selection.

Overview: For non-commercial organizations and non-commercial Internet users, the Internet is the single most effective and efficient means of communicating their messages and garnering support. .ORG has long been the Internet home for these organizations, and PIR will build on this heritage.

Public Interest Registry, through ISOC, has well-established and broad support throughout the non-commercial Internet community (see section C35). This support is offered by prominent non-commercial members of Internet groups involved in public policy, standards and protocol, and education and training. Support is offered from nearly every key category of non-commercial endeavor including religious organizations, governments; health services; education and research; social and legal services; civic/social/fraternal organizations; arts and culture groups; and foundations (see details below). These include local, national and global organizations that need a responsive and supportive .ORG to continue their good work.

ISOC's proposal has significant community support

ISOC has worked closely over the years with a number of individuals and non-commercial organizations that agree that ISOC is well suited to address the goals established for the .ORG rededication. The ISOC family itself is a broad and diverse group, representing Internet users all over the globe and from nearly every facet of non-commercial life on the Internet. Below is a list of individuals and organizations (both part of and outside of the ISOC family) that have formally endorsed ISOC's application (Letters of endorsement are found in Section X, C50.6):

ISOC Board of Trustees (2001-2002)
The ISOC Board voted overwhelmingly in May to support this bid to manage the .ORG Registry. Members of the board are listed below:

Martin Burack - retiring June 17th 2002 USA--Americas
Brian E. Carpenter UK--Europe
Srisakdi Charmonman - retiring June 17th 2002 THAILAND--Asia-Pacific
Rosa M. Delgado SWITZERLAND--Europe
Barbara Fraser USA--Americas
John Gage - retiring June 17th 2002 USA--Americas
Lynn St. Amour USA--Americas
Alan Greenberg CANADA--Americas
Tarek Kamel - retiring June 17th 2002 EGYPT--Middle East/Africa
Christine Maxwell FRANCE--Europe
Kees Neggers NETHERLANDS--Europe
Don Heath USA--Americas
Wawa Ngenge CAMEROON--Middle East/Africa
Manuel Sanromà - retiring June 17th 2002 SPAIN--Europe
Latif Ladid Belgium --Europe
George Sadowsky USA--Americas
Mike Conn USA--Americas
Christian Huitema FRANCE--Europe

In addition, the following have expressed their support via mail, fax or email:

1. James P. Michalko Research Libraries Group
2. Graeme Kennelly Intelsat Global Services Corporation
3. Lajos Balint HUNGARNET, Budapest
4. Vincent W. S. Chen ISOC Taiwan Chapter
5. Pierre Dandjinou Infocom, Benin
6. Latif Ladid President, IPV6 Forum; Ericsson Telebit A/S
7. Christian de Larrinaga Internet Society of England
8. Tommi Karttaavi ISOC Finland
9. Orlin Kouzov CEO, ICT Development Agency
10. Veni Markovski Head of the Bulgarian President's Council for Information Technologies
11. Mustafa Nasereddin Talal Abu-Ghazaleh & Co. International, Jordan
12. Jose Luis Pardo Ambassador of Spain
13. M. Hakikur Rahman, PhD. Chair, ISOC Bangladesh
14. Mike Todd President, Internet Society Los Angeles Chapter
Center for Entrepreneurship and Technology Law, Pepperdine University Law School
15. Edmundo Valenti President, Internet Society of Argentina,Member LACNET, UN ICT Task Force LAC Regional Network
16. Axel Weisner Equant, France
17. Steven L. Worona Director, Policy and Networking Programs, EDUCAUSE, Inc.
18. Dr. Terence W. Rogers CEO, Advanced Network & Services www.advanced.org/
19. Jim R. Oliver INSEAD, France
20. Gligor Tashkovich Founding Member, ISOC
Balkan Money Transfer LLC

Conclusion:

As a wholly owned subsidiary of ISOC, Public Interest Registry enjoys support from a wide range of non-commercial Internet users. Organizations and individuals have lent their support to PIR, as evidenced by the letters and e-mails shown in C50. With support from a wide range of the many diverse, global entities that make up the .ORG domain, PIR will be able to focus on making a true global cyber-home for non-commercial entities, enabling .ORG to reach it's full potential.

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C37. Intentionally omitted

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| Table of Contents | Section 1 | Section 2 | Section 3 | Section 4 |
| Section 5 | Section 6 | Section 7 | Section 8 | Section 9 | Section 10 |

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