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Abstract -- RUNNet - Federal University Network of Russia
RUNNet - Federal University Network of Russia
- Vasilyev, Vladimir N.
- Gugel, Yuri V.
- Kirchin, Yuri G.
- Robachevsky, Andrei M.
One year has passed since first announcement of RUNNet project at
INET'94/JENC5. During this year the project made a path from a set of
general ideas to the fully operating network connecting universities of
Russia. On this way RUNNet has solved several fundamental problems: channel
infrastructure and topology, organizational structure, and information
What made it possible to do this progress is stable financial support from
the State Committee for Higher Education of Russian Federation and great user
demand for such a network which stimulated enthusiasm of the people involved
in the project.
The network architecture and information services are being developed
based on the general principles:
RUNNet Federal Nodes interconnected by high speed links constitute so-called
backbone topology of the network. Federal Nodes are located now in Moscow,
St.Petersburg, Ekaterinburg, Novosibirsk, Petrozavodsk, Saratov and
Ulianovsk. The following stages will bring RUNNet connectivity to
Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Nyzhni Novgorod, Tambov, Rostov-na-Donu,
- Academic nature. The network provides services for the benefit of Russian
scientific and educational community.
- Federal level. The network covers practically the whole territory of
- Connectivity for regional networks. RUNNet provides inter-connectivity and
access to the Internet to the regional networks of science and education.
- Accepted use policy. RUNNet accepts traffic from regional networks of
science and education. Access to the Internet is regulated by corresponding
agreements with foreign networks.
- Information services. RUNNet creates and develops own information services
according to three main schemes: Order, Project and Climbing. The schemes
determine methods of development, access and announcement of different
groups of information services.
- Network administration. RUNNet is guided by a system of cooperating
administrative and public bodies reflecting common and particular needs of
users. RUNNet core configuration - backbone topology - is supervised by
RUNNet Board and Technical meeting - the main body for preparing technical
proposals for the network development and its implementation.
Federal Nodes act as RUNNet points of presence providing regional networks
of science and education with network and information services. Also Federal
Nodes play an important role in RUNNet cooperation program, an optional
Internet Exchange network may be organized at Federal Node for peering with
other service providers in a region.
The majority of backbone channels are based on satellite technology as the
most suitable one for high speed links covering Russia extent. Fiber optics
is used where possible, e.g. RUNNet (St.Petersburg FN) - NORDUnet (Helsinki)
and St.Petersburg - Moscow (planned). In future plans there is transfer of
the backbone channels to terestrial high speed links with preserving
satellite media for back-up needs.