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Abstract -- Setting up a Computer Mediated Communication Network for Secondary Schools
D3: New Initiatives To Support School Networking
Setting up a Computer Mediated Communication Network for Secondary Schools
- Cagiltay, Kursat
- Ozgit, Attila
- Askar, Petek
High performance communication and computing systems have a major impact on
learning and teaching. They can provide teachers and students with an
abundance of up-to-date information and communications resources,
encourage purposeful writing, increase students motivation to learning,
and help students and teachers to share ideas. There are many ways to
integrate telecommunications into education, including electronic mail
exchanges, electronic publishing, pooled data analysis and database creation,
information searches, electronic process writing, problem solving and
social action projects. (Harris, 1993)
During the 1980s, Turkey laid the foundation for her transition to an
information based economy (IBE). But the formal education system has not
been able to respond adequately to broad shifts in occupational structure;
nor the need for a specialized informatics profession.
In order to overcome this weakness Turkey has initiated a project for
setting up a computer mediated communication network among 53 secondary
schools (Computer Experimental Schools Project-CES). This project is
running under the control of National Ministry of Education, Directorate
of Information Technology in Education (DITE). Financial support is
supplied by the World Bank.
CES project's initial aim in establishing a communications network is
three-fold. These are related with evaluation and maintenance, curriculum
and training. Ultimately this will lead to an increased interaction among
schools through services like electronic mail (e-mail), computer conferencing,
access to on-line databases and electronic bulletin boards (BBS).
In accomplishing this project, each CES school equipped with basic
hardware and software is expected to use this potential in teaching and
learning. This approach backed up with a participation in a computer-mediated
communication network can provide a technological and pedagogical edge to
the CES schools.
The goals of the project could be summarized as follows:
In order to achieve these goals and functions, CES schools will have
Local Area Networks (LAN), a wide area network (WAN) connection and a
network based user interface software will be developed.
- 1. Instruction goals:
Cooperative project work among national schools and schools abroad, on
English as a second language, problem solving in mathematics, science
(biology, physics and chemistry), social sciences (history, geography).
Establishment of an information bulletin networks.
Students and teachers access to learning resources.
- 2. Training goals:
Teacher training through computer-aided distance learning.
Provide links among educators at all levels for professional development.
Distribution of information from Ministry of Education.
- 3. Implementation and maintenance goals
For sending and receiving e-mail about certain problems and solutions
discovered during implementation.
Maintaining a help desk through e-mail to help schools solve their
With the installation of 53 schools equipment, each school will have
basic equipment and software to participate in a computer-mediated
communications network. Establishing such a network could be a part of
a cost-effective strategy for providing both technological and pedagogical
support to those schools.
CES (Computer Experimental Schools) project will be a major step for
the country to leap to the informatics society. In this paper, CES project
will be presented along with its details, experiences, technical and
administrative problems, political concerns, user support, training and