The objective of the project is to set up a star-structured backbone in Kiev connecting four major clusters of scientific institutions in the city at a speed up to 2 Mbps and to link the above backbone to the Global Internet.
The anticipated result of the project is the creation of a TCP/IP backbone in Kiev with four nodes which will link the clusters to each other and to the Global Internet, will demonstrate the possibilities of on-line communications and will give the possibility to scientific institutions in the clusters around the nodes to connect to this node and achieve world-wide connectivity. Another result of the project is the raising of the awareness of the scientific and general communities in the possibilities of networking, provision of training to end-users and telecommunication specialists. Once the backbone is operational existing networks and networks of organisations will be welcomed to participate in the project.
Simultaneously with setting up the local infrastructure access to Internet is being set up. The implementation of international links will provide low cost access to Internet resources for several clusters of major scientific, research and educational organisations in Kiev. Dial-in access will be available for end-users from the scientific/educational community and for the general public.
Further development of the infrastructure will lead to a wider spread of the TCP/IP network and will incorporate the major existing networks in Kiev. This will give low-cost access to Internet resources not only to the scientific community but to medical establishments, libraries, media centres, high schools, industrial research institutions, etc. Other networks belonging to different organisations will have an incentive to integrate, interconnect and develop.
Another important component in the realisation of the project is the Education and Research programs to be run on the network. It should be targeted at the implementation of new networking technologies and serve as a source for the development of the network both in the sense of viability, and support of its status (professional staffing, technology). The research program will also help to pertain the non-commercial status of the network in future and will serve as an incentive for the government to provide funding for the needs of the network. The experimental part of research programs will be distributed among regional centres (which also play an important role in working out the policy of the network), leaving the backbone to be policy-free and providing necessary means to support the backbone.
In order to accelerate the construction of the pilot network in Kiev the project is being realised by joint efforts of ISF and UN in co-operation with state programs of State Committee for Science and Technology of Ukraine.
The concept underlying the layout of the Kiev backbone is the provision of connectivity to clusters of compact locations of scientific and educational organisations in the city. The access will be provided to one organisation in each cluster so that the Regional Distribution Centres will constitute the Network Backbone structure. Then access to these nodes inside clusters will be provided for by interested organisations.
Organisations hosting the regional distribution centres (nodes) provide:
The infrastructure of the Kiev backbone includes the Central Cluster consisting of a number of organisations in the down-town area which will host the Main Access Point and Main Distribution Centre.
All of the nodes are connected to the Main Distribution Centre by Radio Relay links using Duplex Microwave radio stations at the speed of 2 Mbps. International links are provided by satellite channels and terrestrial lines used as backups.
The Backbone will be supported by three planned international links: to NASK/Warsaw via Lviv, Satellite Connection to NSI (512K) and a connection to Moscow ISF Backbone using a 19.2 Kbps leased line link.
Network redundancy is provided by combinations of backbone Radio links to and back-up LL links.