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INET'95 : Keynote Speech (L1-6)
INET'95 : Keynote Speech (L1-6)
Keynote Speech: The Global Telecommunication Infrastructure and the Information Society
There are as many views of what the Global Information Infrastructure (GII)
might be as there are segments of the information and communication industry.
The theme of INET '95, "The Internet: Towards a Global Information
Infrastructure" might suggest the view that the GII will be an extrapolation of the Internet. Other views of what the GII will be include:
- Mr.Jipguep, J.
- Chairman, Telecom Board, International Telecommunication Union
The Global Information Infrastructure is the focus of discussion, but a useful
distinction can be made between the Global Telecommunication Infrastructure and
the Global Information Superstructure. What underlies the Internet -
and many other private and public networks - is the Telecommunication
Infrastructure, the network "plumbing," massive public transmission facilities
including a vast fiber network. "Public" here does not mean government or PTT, only that its use is open to whomever is willing to pay for the services used. Switching or network routing functions might also be considered part of the
- A multimedia network for which the primary use will be conveying video
datastreams in conjunction with data, text and voice.
- A medium for interactive television, in which it is the intelligent
television set rather than the home computer or the videophone which is the
main communication channel.
- The broadband ISDN (B-ISDN) switching fabric based on ATM technology
going from the desktop in the ATM LAN to the enterprise's virtual network
and the international public B-ISDN network.
- The entire globe covered by the footprints of circling Low Earth Orbit
(LEO) satellites connecting conversations or gigabit datastreams from any points on earth. With the convergence of different parts of the information industry these can all come together as a digital network of networks.
The superstructure is the services: applications (like WWW) and the
contents they give access to. It is also the culture which arises from use of new ways of sharing
information and ideas. The contribution of Internet to the Information Superstructure
has been most remarkable: pioneering new ways of using Information Technology to
create a global information society.
The Internet today is characterized by Freedom:
Undoubtedly the Internet will continue to have a great deal of influence and will
evolve as today's Internet finds its place - or places - in the networks which will
together make up the GII. We can think of the theme "The Internet: Towards a
Global Information Infrastructure" as being a challenge to retain the character of the
Internet in the evolution of a GII where the information superstructure will be more
important than the infrastructure.
- Freedom to connect;
- Freedom to disseminate information and ideas;
- Freedom to extend and develop the network;
- Freedom for entrepreneurial opportunities;
- Freedom to initiate new services, new ways of doing business;
- Freedom for educating and for learning.
After INET '95 the full text and slides of Mr. Jipguep's keynote address will be
available on http://www.itu.ch/INET95/.